Development Challenges in Extremist Affected Areas

Development Challenges in Extremist Affected Areas
REPORT OF AN EXPERT GROUP

TO

PLANNING COMMISSION

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA

NEW DELHI


Concluding Observations

1.18.1 The development paradigm pursued since independence has aggravated the prevailing discontent among marginalised sections of society. This is because the development paradigm as conceived by the policy makers has always been imposed on these communities, and therefore it has remained insensitive to their needs and concerns, causing irreparable damage to these sections. The benefits of this paradigm of development have been disproportionately cornered by the dominant sections at the expense of the poor, who have borne most of the costs. Development which is insensitive to the needs of these communities has invariably caused displacement and reduced them to a sub-human existence. In the case of tribes in particular it has ended up in destroying their social organisation, cultural identity, and resource base and generated multiple conflicts, undermining their communal solidarity, which cumulatively makes them increasingly vulnerable to exploitation.

1.18.2 In the case of SCs and also tribes, protection against social discrimination is the essential condition for the enjoyment of any development benefits that remain unrealised. The pattern of development and its implementation has increased corrupt practices of a rent seeking bureaucracy and rapacious exploitation by the contractors, middlemen, traders and the greedy sections of the larger society intent on grabbing their resources and violating their dignity. It has invariably happened that in situations where the interests of the larger community have clashed with the interests of the tribal communities, the former have prevailed to the detriment of the latter. The participation of these communities in the articulation of this paradigm of development is at best symbolic and at worst non-existent.

1.18.3 This concludes our brief review of various disturbing aspects of the socio-economic context that prevails in large parts of India today, and that may (and can) contribute to politics such as that of the Naxalite movement or erupt as other forms of violence. It should be recognized that there are different kinds of movements, and that calling and treating them generally as unrest, a disruption of law and order, is little more than a rationale for suppressing them by force. It is necessary to contextualize the tensions in terms of social, economic and political background and bring back on the agenda the issues of the people –the right to livelihood, the right to life and a dignified and honourable existence. The State itself should feel committed to the democratic and human rights and humane objectives that are inscribed in the Preamble, the Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of the Constitution. The State has to adhere strictly to the Rule of Law. Indeed, the State has no other authority to rule.

1.18.4 It is critical for the Government to recognize that dissent or expression of dissatisfaction is a positive feature of democracy, that unrest is often the only thing that actually puts pressure on the government to make things work and for the government to live up to its own promises. However the right to protest, even peacefully, is often not recognized by the authorities and even non-violent agitations are met with severe repression. Greater scope and space for democratic activity will bring down the scale of unrest, as it would create confidence in governance and open channels for expression of popular discontent. What is surprising is not the fact of unrest, but the failure of the State to draw right conclusions from it. While the official policy documents recognize that there is a direct correlation between what is termed as extremism and poverty, or take note of the fact that the implementation of all development schemes is ineffective, or point to the deep relationship between tribals and forests, or that the tribals suffer unduly from displacement, the governments have in practice treated unrest merely as a law and order problem. It is necessary to change this mindset and bring about congruence between policy and implementation. There will be peace, harmony and social progress only if there is equity, justice and dignity for every one.

95 Page report is available at

planningcommission.nic.in/reports/publications/rep_dce.pdf

Comments

Anonymous said…
It is not my first time to go to see this site, i am browsing
this web page dailly and get good data from here daily.


Stop by my website :: xerox 8560 ink
Anonymous said…
Wow, incrediblе blog layout! Hοw long have уou ever bеen blοgging
for? you maԁe bloggіng lοok easy.

The tοtal looκ of your website is magnіfiсent, as ѕmartlу аs the cοntent mаterіal!



Stοр by my page; contact facebook
Anonymous said…
Thanks for the marvelous posting! I actually enjoyed reading
it, you might be a great author.I will always bookmark your blog and will come back later on.
I want to encourage you to ultimately continue your great job, have a nice afternoon!


Stop by my blog: xerox 8560 cyan
Anonymous said…
wonderful information, comply with these effortlessly install Samsung ML-1210 printer driver, and nice job.


Here is my weblog: ljs5684.hosting.paran.com
Anonymous said…
Thanks a lot. Tried fairly some time and different views, yours was
remarkable.

Also visit my web blog; xerox phaser 8560 printer
Anonymous said…
My computer system (home window 7) doesnot other than the
CD motorists to set up.

Check out my web-site: xerox phaser 8560 printer
Anonymous said…
I hardly leave responses, however i did some searching and
wound up here "Development Challenges in Extremist Affected Areas".

And I do have a couple of questions for you if it's allright. Is it just me or does it appear like some of these responses appear as if they are coming from brain dead individuals? :-P And, if you are writing at other sites, I'd like to follow anything new you have to post.
Could you make a list of the complete urls of your communal
pages like your Facebook page, twitter feed,
or linkedin profile?

My webpage :: xerox 8560mfp driver
Anonymous said…
though that expected more closer focus and I'll cope with them in different article: 3D printing, and mobile app.

Feel free to surf to my web site xerox phaser 8560 ink sticks
Anonymous said…
complimentary variation hp laser plane 1020.

Feel free to surf to my blog - xerox phaser 8560 maintenance
kit (thelowendtheory.org)
Anonymous said…
HP Shade LaserJet C8560A Black Imaging Drum. The HP Colour LaserJet 4650 collection perks considerably from
this drum. Priced.

my blog post: xerox phaser 8560 error codes
*ontublog.blogspot.fr*
Anonymous said…
Unquestionably believe that which you stated. Your favorite justification seemed to be on the net the easiest
thing to be aware of. I say to you, I certainly get annoyed while
people think about worries that they just do not know
about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and also defined out
the whole thing without having side-effects , people can take a signal.
Will likely be back to get more. Thanks

my site; xerox 8560mfp

Popular posts from this blog

MIsuse of Section 197, Code of Criminal Procedure

Questionable and illegal UIDAI completes four years

Journalists Demand for Third Press Commission, Indian National Congress Reluctant