Brasilia Declaration of IBSA
FOURTH SUMMIT OF HEADS OF STATE/GOVERNMENT
15 APRIL 2010
The Prime Minister of the Republic of India, H.E. Dr. Manmohan Singh, the President of the Federative Republic of Brazil, H.E. Mr. Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, and the President of the Republic of South Africa, H.E. Mr. Jacob Gedleyihlekisa Zuma (hereinafter referred to as “the Leaders”) met in Brasília, Brazil, on 15 April 2010 for the 4th Summit of the India-Brazil-South Africa (IBSA) Dialogue Forum.
2. The Leaders highlighted that the three countries’ commitment to democratic values, inclusive social development and multilateralism constitutes the basis for their growing cooperation and close coordination on global issues. They noted that a first round of IBSA Summits of Heads of State/Government (Brasilia, 2006; Tshwane, 2007; New Delhi, 2008) has strengthened the three countries resolve to continue to work for enhancing the role of developing countries, increasing the interchanges amongst themselves with the participation of their peoples, and for implementing concrete projects in partnership with other developing countries.
3. Recalling the Declarations and Communiqués issued during the previous Summits, they took the opportunity to deliberate on the topics hereunder.
4. The Leaders reaffirmed their commitment to increase participation of developing countries in the decision-making bodies of multilateral institutions. They also reiterated the urgent need for the reform of the United Nations (UN) to render it more democratic and consistent with the priorities of developing countries. They particularly emphasized that no reform of the United Nations will be complete without a reform of the UN Security Council (UNSC), including an expansion in both permanent and nonpermanent categories of its membership, with increased participation of developing countries in both. Such reform is of the utmost importance for the UNSC to reflect geopolitical realities and to have the representativeness and legitimacy it needs to face contemporary challenges. They committed to keep close coordination amongst the three countries and the broader UN membership to achieve substantial progress in the intergovernmental negotiations on UNSC reform presently underway in New York. They recalled that an overwhelming majority of the UN member states agreed to proceed with a fifth round of intergovernmental negotiations based on a negotiating text.
5. The Leaders stressed the need to reform the Bretton Woods Institutions in order to increase their effectiveness and enhance their accountability, credibility and legitimacy. They stressed the importance of increasing the role of developing countries in these institutions.
The social dimensions of globalization
6. The Leaders reaffirmed that people must come first in the formulation and implementation of public policies, allowing for fair, equitable and sustainable development. They considered this issue a relevant priority in the context of an increasingly globalized world, in which the economic and financial crisis, and the restructuring of the international financial architecture that ensued, directly affect the welfare of people, particularly of vulnerable groups. In this regard, they stressed the need to strengthen social policies and to fight hunger and poverty, especially in times of global economic crisis.
7. The Leaders also reiterated the need to promote a job-intensive recovery from the downturn and create a framework for sustainable growth. In this context, they underlined their support for the global jobs pact, adopted by the 98th session of the international labour conference, which, while demonstrating the linkages between social progress, economic development and recovery from the crisis, offers policy options adaptable to national needs and circumstances. The Leaders also reaffirmed that their actions in response to the crisis are guided by the International Labour Organization (ILO) decent work agenda and the 2008 declaration on social justice for a fair globalization.
8. The Leaders stressed the importance of empowering women, increasing their participation in economic activities and addressing the negative impact of the international financial crisis on their situation. They received with satisfaction a letter from the IBSA Women’s Forum and instructed all areas of government involved in IBSA cooperation to pay due attention to its recommendations. In addition, the Leaders reiterated their support for the full implementation of UN Resolution 1325 (2000). They also recalled the importance of formulating and implementing appropriate policies and programs in accordance with the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and the Beijing Platform of Action.
9. The Leaders attached the highest priority to human rights issues and acknowledged the positive advance represented by the creation and functioning of the Human Rights Council. They noted the importance of their close collaboration therein. They expressed their hope that the 2011 review will result in a further strengthening of the Council.
10. They also emphasized the need to continue to strengthen international human rights law, norms and standards, particularly in the area of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance, in accordance with the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination.
11. The Leaders welcomed the adoption of an IBSA proposal in the Human Rights Council related to the importance of access to medicine (A/HRC/RES/12/24).
Intellectual Property Rights
12. The Leaders recognized that innovation plays a central role in addressing the key global challenges of our times such as food security, poverty eradication, health, access to knowledge and climate change. They emphasized, in this context, the need for a balanced international intellectual property system capable of meeting those challenges on a truly global scale and reducing the technological gap. To that effect, they called for the full implementation of the Development Agenda of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).
13. They warned against attempts at developing new international rules on enforcement of intellectual property rights outside the appropriate fora of WTO and WIPO, that may give free rein to abuses in the protection of rights, the building of barriers against free trade and undermining fundamental civil rights.
14. They further expressed renewed concern about the continuous application of enforcement measures that allow seizures of generic medicines in transit to developing countries, in violation of World Trade Organization (WTO) rules and posing a serious threat to developing countries access to medicines.