Nepal Crisis

Unified Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist (UCPN-M)leader and Nepal’s Prime Minister Pushpa Kamal Dahal (Prachanda) announced his resignation on May 4, 2009 after President Ram Baran Yadav of Nepalese Congress party reinstated the army chief Rookmangud Katwal who sacked by him.

Nepal's Supreme Court on May 14 issued a show-cause notice to the government on its decision to sack Army Chief Rukmangad Katawal for allegedly defying its orders. A single bench of Justice Bharatraj Upreti issued the order on a writ filed by an advocate demanding to scrap the government's decision to sack Katawal and asked it to reply within 15 days.

On May 13, a writ was filed in the court arguing how the decision of Council of Ministers (on May 4) to relieve Katawal from the Army Chief position and appointing Lt. General Kul Bahadur Khadka as the Acting Army Chief was unconstitutional.

President Ram Baran Yadav had refused to accept the Cabinet's decision and asked Gen Katawal to remain as the Army Chief, which led to the resignation of Prime Minister Prachanda.

The show cause notice comes at a time when the Maoists were blocking the Parliament proceedings, asking Yadav to withdraw his decision to reinstate army chief Katawal.

Meanwhile, China on May 12 disputed an Indian news report that it had interfered in Nepal's internal affairs and caused political upheaval.

The report "is sheer unfounded rumor," Foreign Ministry spokesman Ma Zhaoxu told a regular press conference in Beijing. "The Chinese government always adheres to the principle of non-interference in the internal affairs of other countries."

The Times of India reported on May 9: "While India was inviting popular opprobrium in Nepal trying to prevent Maoist Prime Minister Prachanda from sacking the army chief, China at the same time sent messages to Prachanda pledging support for doing just the opposite."

The article also said that "according to sources monitoring events in Nepal during those crucial days, China reportedly told Prachanda to stick to his guns and they would support him. "

While Madhesi coalition is crucial for the Nepali Congress-Communist Party Nepal-Unified Marxist Leninist coalition to form a new government, proposed to be under the leadership of Madhav Kumar Nepal, on May 14, the Madhesi Janadhikari Forum, whose support is critical for the formation of a new Nepali government decided to form a new government under its own leadership.

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